文章摘要
对来华留学政府奖学金政策的审思——基于来华留学研究生的学习经验感知
Pondering on China's Government Scholarship Policy for International Students: Based on the perception from the learning experience of international postgraduates
投稿时间:2019-12-20  
DOI:10.19834/j.cnki.yjsjy2011.2020.03.13
中文关键词: 来华留学政府奖学金政策;学习经验感知;人才环流;人才流失
英文关键词: China's Government Scholarship Policy for International Students;perception from learning experience;brain circulation;brain drain
基金项目:教育部人文社会科学研究青年基金项目"“一带一路”背景下的来华留学政策执行成效、问题及对策研究"(18YJC880056)
作者单位
赵彬 北京师范大学 教育学部, 北京 100875 
刘水云 北京师范大学 教育学部, 北京 100875 
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中文摘要:
      高等教育的国际化发展使中国人才流失的问题日益凸显。通过对来华留学政府奖学金生的学习经验感知进行探究发现,中国文化与汉语是吸引其前来的重要动力;尽管在学段和专业方面存在差异,但来华留学政府奖学金生学习过程的整体满意度较高,收获了预期的内容;毕业后的回流意向明确。从人才流动的视角反思来华留学政府奖学金政策得出,一方面,中国政府为世界人才的培育贡献了巨大力量,有力推动了世界人才环流。但同时此种借助资本换取人才的策略所产生的社会综合效益较低,政治和文化的外交意义仍是发展来华留学教育的轴心。因此提升来华留学教育质量及完善相关政策是吸引人才的重要途径。
英文摘要:
      With the progress of internationalization of higher education in China, the problem of brain drain has become increasingly noticeable. After a study on the perception from the learning experience of the international students who enjoy China's government scholarships, the authors find that the most appealing factors to the students are Chinese Culture and Chinese language. Despite the differences in schooling phases and professional levels, the overall satisfaction of the international students in China is relatively high and what they expected have been achieved. In addition, their willingness to go home after graduation is strong. After reviewing the China's government scholarship policy in the perspective of talent mobility, the authors conclude that the government of China has contributed a lot to the world talent cultivation and powerfully facilitates the global brain circulation. However, the comprehensive social benefit from the "capital-for-talent" policy is low, and the political, cultural and diplomatic significance is still the core for the development of the international student education. Therefore, the authors believe the education quality upgrading and the improvement of relevant policies for international students remain as importance factors to attract overseas students.
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