文章摘要
如何回归“适度规模”——基于美国研究生培养规模调节机制的比较研究
How to Return to the “Appropriate Size”: A comparative study based on the size regulation mechanism for postgraduate education in the United States
投稿时间:2019-09-04  
DOI:
中文关键词: 研究生教育;适度规模;调节机制;多方联动
英文关键词: postgraduate education;appropriate size;regulation mechanism;multi-agent interaction
基金项目:
作者单位
李梦琢 教育部人文社会科学重点研究基地 东北师范大学中国农村教育发展研究院, 长春 130024 
刘善槐 教育部人文社会科学重点研究基地 东北师范大学中国农村教育发展研究院, 长春 130024 
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中文摘要:
      从高等教育资源承载力和市场需求来看,我国研究生培养规模持续扩大,对提升研究生培养质量形成严峻考验。作为研究生培养规模最大的国家,美国通过政府宏观政策引导、高校自主资源配置、市场主动参与的多主体协同调节机制,保持了研究生规模增速稳健,保证了培养质量,实现了人才的供需平衡。这对我国研究生教育回归"适度规模"具有重要启示意义,应科学规划供需平衡的培养规模和专业结构,顶层设计目标相容的多方联动机制,理性权衡规模扩张和质量保证,形成增速适度、调控有序、发展可期的调节体系。
英文摘要:
      The scale of the postgraduate education in China keeps growing, which in turn becomes a severe challenge to the improvement of education quality judging from the resource carrying capacity of higher education and market demand. As the largest postgraduate education country, the United States has maintained a stable growth of the size of the postgraduate education,ensured education quality and kept a balance between talent supply and market demand through a multi-agent, coordinated regulation mechanism relating to government macro policy guidance, independent university resource allocation, and active market involvement, which is importantly thought-provoking to China when it tries to tailor a moderate size for the postgraduate education. This paper proposes to properly plan a supply-demand balanced education size and discipline structure, design at top-level a multi-agent interactive mechanism compatible with the education target, rationally consider the relations between scale expansion and quality assurance, so as to create a regulatory system with which the scale of the postgraduate education can be in a moderate growth rate and orderly adjustable with a predictable postgraduate education development.
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