文章摘要
中国高校研究生规模对经济增长的空间溢出效应研究
A Study on Spatial Spillover Effect of Postgraduate Education Scale on Economic Growth in China
投稿时间:2019-05-24  
DOI:
中文关键词: 研究生规模;经济增长;空间溢出;空间杜宾模型
英文关键词: the scale of postgraduate education;economic growth;spatial spillover;spatial Tobin Model
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目"基于组合创新理论的管理研究创新方法"(71801195);中国高等教育学会"中国高等教育改革发展重大理论实践问题研究"课题"高校服务国家战略需要和区域经济社会发展研究"(2017ZD006)
作者单位
王淑英 郑州大学 管理工程学院, 郑州 450001 
王洁玉 郑州大学 管理工程学院, 郑州 450001 
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中文摘要:
      运用2003-2016年我国29个省份的面板数据,在柯布-道格拉斯生产函数的基础上建立空间计量模型,实证研究我国高校研究生规模对经济增长的贡献及其所呈现的空间特征。发现:第一,我国高校研究生规模对经济增长存在正向的空间溢出效应,说明整体而言区域经济发展对高校研究生数量上的需求并未饱和;第二,硕博研究生和劳动力对经济增长的弹性系数都远小于物质资本存量的弹性系数,说明目前我国经济发展的方式仍然是资本驱动型;第三,博士研究生不仅可以促进本地的经济发展,而且能带动相邻省域的经济发展,硕士研究生对相邻省域的经济发展作用更为显著。
英文摘要:
      Based on the panel data of 29 provinces in China from 2003 to 2016 and a spatial econometric model developed from the Cobb-Douglas production function, the authors carry out empirical research to study the contribution of the scale of the postgraduate education in China to the economic growth and the spatial characteristics thereof. It is found that: firstly, there is a positive spatial spillover effect of the postgraduate education scale on the economic growth in China, which indicates that the overall demand for the population of postgraduates in regional economic development has not yet been saturated; secondly, the elastic coefficients of postgraduate, doctoral students and laborers to economic growth are far less than that of the physical capital stock, indicating that the economic development in China is still in the capital-driven mode at present; and thirdly, doctoral students can not only promote local economic development but also drive economic development in neighboring provinces, while postgraduates can play a more significant role in the economic development of neighboring provinces.
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