文章摘要
专业学位研究生教育的学术漂移:表征、成因及治理
Manifestation and Causes of Academic Drift of Professional Degree Postgraduate Education and Governance Thereof
投稿时间:2019-07-15  
DOI:
中文关键词: 专业学位;学术漂移;路径依赖;新制度主义
英文关键词: professional degree;academic drift;path dependence;new institutionalism
基金项目:上海市教育科学研究项目:专业学位研究生教育"双导师制":理据、困境及其进路 (C18051)
作者单位
郑世良 上海第二工业大学 研究生部, 上海 201209 
李丹 上海第二工业大学 研究生部, 上海 201209 
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中文摘要:
      大学学术治理逻辑对研究生教育的多样性构成挑战,在专业学位教育实践中出现了偏离"应用导向"的"学术漂移"。以新制度主义理论的研究视角和分析范式对"学术漂移"何以可能予以深入解析,认为"制度同构"是解释专业学位研究生教育向"学术"扩展的理论,强制机制、模仿机制和规范机制是专业学位研究生教育偏离"应用导向"的动因。要实现对专业学位研究生教育"学术漂移"的治理,应把握专业学位研究生教育的"应用导向",完善研究生教育的分类与多元治理框架;超越路径依赖,构造适切于专业学位研究生教育的创新制度矩阵;变革知识价值观,构建专业学位研究生教育组织场域实践共同体。
英文摘要:
      The academic governance logic of universities poses a challenge to the diversification of postgraduate education. In the practice of professional degree education, there is an "academic drift" that deviates from the application orientation. In the research perspective and based on the analytical paradigm of the new institutionalism theory, this paper deeply analyzes the possible issues of "academic drift", and believes the "institutional isomorphism" is a theory that explains the extension of the professional degree postgraduate education to the academic field. The coercive mechanism, mimetic mechanism, and normative mechanism are the motivations for professional degree postgraduate education to deviate from the application orientation. To achieve governance over the "academic drift" of the professional degree postgraduate education, this paper suggests that we grasp the application orientation of professional degree postgraduate education to improve the classification and multi-governance framework of postgraduate education. It also suggests that we establish an innovation system matrix suitable for professional degree postgraduate education beyond path dependence, renew knowledge values and construct a field practice community for professional postgraduate education organizations.
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