文章摘要
博士生希望什么样的培养环境——基于博士生意见调查的实证研究
What Is the Training Environment Desirable for Doctoral Students: An empirical study based on a doctoral student opinion poll
投稿时间:2019-02-27  
DOI:
中文关键词: 博士生教育;奖助体系;导师指导;博士生意见
英文关键词: doctoral education;scholarship and funding system;supervisor's guidance;doctorate student's opinion
基金项目:江苏省研究生科研与实践创新计划项目"一流大学博士生学术信念的调查研究——以南京大学为例"(KYCX18-0019)
作者单位
许丹东 南京大学 教育研究院, 南京 210093 
刘娣 南京大学 教育研究院, 南京 210093 
朱燕菲 南京大学 教育研究院, 南京 210093 
吕林海 南京大学 教育研究院, 南京 210093 
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中文摘要:
      博士生对院校培养工作的意见是进行培养环境优化的重要依据。基于1200余名博士生调查数据,采用混合式研究方法展开探索,结果发现:第一,博士生意见集中在奖助体系、导师指导、考核评价和学术交流上,具体内容分别指向奖助学金支持力度不够,导师的学术指导缺位,考核评价方式固化单一,学术交流机会不足;第二,在学科差异上,理工科博士生的导师指导满意度和科研自由度得分较低,并且相比其它学科学生提出较多导师指导方面的意见,人文学科博士生更加支持采用1篇论文代表作的评价方式,并且相比其它学科学生提出较多考核评价方面的意见。基于上述发现提出博士生培养环境的改进对策。
英文摘要:
      It is believed that the opinions of doctoral students on the training at universities are important for optimizing training environment. The results of a study based on the survey data of more than 1,200 doctoral students with mixed methods show that, first, the opinions of doctoral students mainly focus on the scholarship and funding system, supervisor's guidance, examination and evaluation system, and academic exchange, specifically, they are dissatisfied with the insufficient support from the scholarship and funding system, absence of supervisors' academic guidance, outdated and singular form of examination and evaluation, and lack of academic exchange opportunities; second, in terms of different disciplines, both the scores of satisfaction with the guidance and the freedom in scientific research to supervisors of doctoral students in science and engineering are comparatively low, with more criticism to the guidance of their supervisors in comparison with that from the doctoral students of other disciplines, while the doctoral students in the humanities are more supportive of the method evaluating only one representative paper, and they put forward more proposals for improving evaluation compared with doctoral students from other disciplines. Based on the findings, the author proposes some countermeasures to improve the training environment for doctoral students.
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