文章摘要
优化研究生科研经历 提高研究生教育质量——基于陕西省高校2017年度毕业研究生的调查分析
Optimizing Research Experience and Improving Postgraduate Education Quality: Based on the Survey and Analysis of Graduated Postgraduates in Shaanxi 2017
投稿时间:2018-08-21  
DOI:
中文关键词: 研究生;科研经历;效度和信度
英文关键词: postgraduate;research experience;validity and reliability
基金项目:国家自然科学基金资助项目(项目资助号:71573203);教育部学位与研究生教育发展中心委托研究课题"研究生教育质量大数据分析算法和模型研究"
作者单位
陆根书 西安交通大学 中国西部高等教育评估中心, 西安 710049 
刘秀英 西安交通大学 公共政策与管理学院, 西安 710049 
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中文摘要:
      从研究生科研经历的视角评价和保障研究生教育质量,是目前世界各国广泛采用的一种方法,但我国开展的这方面研究还比较少。本文应用对陕西高校2017届毕业研究生的调查数据,分析研究生科研经历调查问卷的效度、信度,以及对我国研究生的适用性,探讨导师指导、研究氛围、研究设施、论文评审对研究生技能发展和科研经历满意度的影响,分析不同性别和类型高校研究生感知的科研经历差异。在此基础上,提出优化研究生科研经历,提高研究生教育质量的对策建议。
英文摘要:
      It has been adopted widely in foreign countries to evaluate and improve the quality of postgraduate education from a viewpoint based on the scientific and research progress of postgraduates. However, similar researches have been scarcely conducted in China. Based on the survey data of the postgraduates in Shaanxi graduated in 2017, this paper analyzes the validity, reliability and applicability of the research experience of the postgraduates, explores the influence of the supervisors' guidance, research atmosphere, facilities, dissertation evaluation on the personal skill development and the research experience satisfaction of the postgraduates. Moreover, it also analyzes the differences of research experience perceived by postgraduates of different genders studying at different institutions of higher learning. On this basis, this paper puts forward some proposals or suggestions to optimize the research experience of postgraduates and improve the quality of postgraduate education in China.
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