文章摘要
我国药学专业学位与科学学位硕士教育同质化成因探析——基于全国43家培养单位的调查
Analysis of the Cause of Homogeneity in the Education of Professional Master of Pharmacy and that of Masters of Pharmaceutics in China—Based on a Survey of 43 Cultivating Units Nationwide
投稿时间:2018-08-22  
DOI:
中文关键词: 药学硕士;专业学位;科学学位;同质化;对策
英文关键词: master of pharmacy;professional degree;academic degree in science;homogeneity;countermeasure
基金项目:江苏省2018年研究生教育教学改革研究与实践重点课题"药学硕士专业学位教育的定位研究与质量标准建立——基于生态位理论"(JGZZ18_018);中国药科大学"双一流"建设研究生教育教学改革研究重点项目"专业学位研究生基于虚拟学院的校企协同育人模式的研究与构建"
作者单位
张永泽 中国药科大学 人事处, 南京 211198 
董维春 南京农业大学 公共管理学院, 南京 210095 
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中文摘要:
      我国药学硕士专业学位教育特色不明显,与药学学科科学学位硕士教育同质化较为严重。为了找出问题的症结所在,本研究提出假设:我国药学硕士专业学位教育与药学学科科学学位硕士教育同质化的原因,除了培养过程存在"路径记忆"之外,培养目标设计也存在不科学之处。通过对全国43家培养单位人才培养目标进行内容分析,发现我国药学硕士专业学位教育人才培养目标层次定位明确、人才类型定位清晰,但特定职业领域定位较模糊,且对职业知识和职业能力的培养也较为忽视。研究结果证实假设成立并据此提出了相应的对策建议。
英文摘要:
      The features of the professional master's degree education for postgraduates in pharmacy in China are not so distinctive, and the homogeneity with the master's degree education for postgraduates in pharmaceutics is serious. In order to find out the cause of this problem, this study firstly assumes that the cause of the homogeneity between the professional master's degree education for postgraduates in pharmacy and the master's degree education for postgraduates in pharmaceutics is the deficient training objective design in addition to the "track-memory" during the training process. Upon the content analysis of the training objectives of 43 higher learning institutions nationwide, the author finds that the positioning of training target and personnel type are well defined for the professional master's degree education for postgraduates in pharmacy, yet, the positioning of some specific occupational areas is indistinct. Moreover, the cultivation of profession-oriented knowledge and professional-oriented ability is more or less neglected. The findings confirm the hypothesis, base on which, the author proposes some corresponding countermeasures.
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