文章摘要
过剩还是不足?我国博士生培养规模适切性分析
Surplus or Insufficient? Analysis of the Scale Appropriateness of the Doctoral Education in China
投稿时间:2018-08-31  
DOI:
中文关键词: 学术劳动力市场;博士生;培养规模
英文关键词: academic labor market;doctoral students;training scale
基金项目:国家自然科学基金面上项目"大学教师评价的效能研究"(71273101)
作者单位
徐志平 华中科技大学 教育科学研究院, 武汉 430074 
沈红 华中科技大学 教育科学研究院, 武汉 430074 
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中文摘要:
      本研究使用国际比较和需求预测的方法综合评判我国博士规模适切性。通过国际比较发现,我国博士培养规模虽然与GDP规模较为适当,但远低于人口规模需求,并且存在博士学位获得者存量过低,博士学位授予人数占总学位授予人数比例过低的问题。通过需求预测发现,我国现有的博士培养规模无法满足学术性岗位中持续存在的扩张性需求、逐步增长的替换性需求和大量存在的提升性需求。因此,我国应该适度扩大高校博士生培养规模,保证专任教师的在职提升需求,扩大中西部地区博士培养比例。
英文摘要:
      This study uses international comparison and demand forecast methods to comprehensively assess the scale appropriateness of doctoral education in China. Through international comparisons, it is found that although the scale of doctoral education in China is relatively appropriate to the scale of GDP, it is too small in comparison with the population size. The proportion of doctoral degree holders is too low in population and the number of degree-conferred PhDs accounts for a very low proportion in the number of all with conferred degrees. Through demand forecast, it is found that the doctoral education scale in China nowadays cannot meet the present expansionary demand for academic posts, the gradually increased replacement demand and the generally existing promotion demand. Therefore, China should appropriately expand the scale of doctoral education in higher-learning institutions, so as to ensure the meeting of the promotion needs of full-time faculty in-service, and expand the scale of doctoral education in the central and western regions of China.
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