文章摘要
“双一流”建设背景下学科交叉导向的学术组织创新
On Interdisciplinarity-oriented Academic Organization Innovation in the Context of “Double First-class” Construction
投稿时间:2018-06-25  
DOI:
中文关键词: “双一流”;学科交叉;组织创新
英文关键词: “double first-class”;inter-discipline;organization innovation
基金项目:国家社会科学基金青年项目(项目编号:18CKS045)
作者单位
张弛 大连理工大学 马克思主义学院, 辽宁 大连 116023 
张聪 大连理工大学 高等教育研究院, 辽宁 大连 116023 
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全文下载次数: 31
中文摘要:
      "建设世界一流大学和一流学科"是我国高等教育发展的总体蓝图。大学是以学科为基础的学术组织,通过知识的生产、继承和传播来完成其使命和目标。建设一流学科应沿纵向和横向两个维度发展,纵向专业化挖掘,横向交叉化联合。目前我国大学进行了多元形式的组织建设以促进学科交叉,但仍然存在制约因素。大学组织创新建设需要在"战略-结构-文化-动力"四重维度上进行突破:加强学科交叉的整体规划,将"单兵作战"转为"集团优势";进行"形式多元-横向联结"模式的组织结构创新与突破;引导学科交叉的组织文化理念,培养跨学科合作精神;激活基层学术组织学科交叉的内外动力。
英文摘要:
      To build world first-class universities and disciplines is in the overall blueprint for the development of higher education in China. Universities are discipline-based academic organizations that accomplish their missions and goals through knowledge production, inheritance, and dissemination. The author believes that the construction of first-class disciplines should be carried out along two dimensional directions:vertically in professionalization development and horizontally in cross-discipline integration. At present, while universities in China are carrying out multi-dimensional organizational construction to promote cross-disciplinary activities, constraints still exist. Therefore, the author suggests that universities should make breakthroughs in organization innovation in the four dimensions of strategy, structure, culture and impetus, i.e. to strengthen overall planning for interdisciplinary activities so as to turn single unit effort into grouped advantages, to carry out organizational structure reform of the "multi-form and horizontal-linkage" mode and make breakthroughs therein, to guide the formation of the concept of the interdisciplinary organization and culture so as to foster interdisciplinary cooperation mentality, and to activate internal and external impetus for interdisciplinary activities at basic academic organizations.
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