文章摘要
从职业到志业:研究生精神境界和素质提升逻辑
From Job Position-Oriented to Entrepreneurship-oriented: Postgraduate Spiritual Realm and Competence Improvement Logic
投稿时间:2018-03-07  
DOI:
中文关键词: 职业人;志业人;成长逻辑;精神境界;素质结构
英文关键词: job position oriented people;entrepreneurship oriented people;growth logic;spiritual realm;competence structure
基金项目:广东省创新强校教改项目"共同体框架下‘研产学用’培养师范生实践创新能力的模式与实践研究"(粤高函173号)
作者单位
曾丽颖 广东技术师范学院 教育科学与技术学院, 广州 510665 
柳海民 东北师范大学 教育学部, 长春 130024 
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中文摘要:
      当前考研热的根源在于就业难,但仅仅为谋求"职业"而考研,不仅有违研究生教育主旨,而且会降低人才培养质量。根据马斯洛需要层级理论,当研究生具备了优异的职业技能后,将产生以科技创新为志业的自我实现追求。为实现十九大提出的强国梦,也需要大批硕士、博士以此为志业。于是,研究生以职技优异为逻辑起点,借助层进逻辑逐渐形成志业人精神境界。在志业人精神激励下,研究生从职业人核心素质形成入手,以乐于创新的志业心态,在竞争中练就拔尖素质。同时,针对自身不足,付出一定代价,成就志业人需要的综合素质。在社会补偿激励中强化创新动力,从综合创造中集成创新素质,由此展现其从职业人转向志业人的成长逻辑。
英文摘要:
      At present, the root cause for massive applications for postgraduate studies is the difficulty in finding a desirable job. However, sitting an examination just for a good job is against the original purport of postgraduate education, and may result in low quality of personnel training. According to Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs theory, after postgraduates possess excellent professional skills, they will pursue for self-actualization based on their ambition for sci-tech innovation. In order to realize the dream of a powerful country put forth at the 19th National Party Congress, we also need a large number of academically ambitious postgraduates and doctoral students. Usually, postgraduates take excellent professional skills as a logical starting point, and then gradually form their entrepreneurship-oriented spiritual realm with the stepping up to different and higher layers of logic. Inspired by the spirit of entrepreneurship-oriented people, postgraduates start from the formation of the job position-oriented core competency which they will improve in competition with a positive attitude for innovation, and at the same time, they work hard to improve themselves and acquire the overall ability for an entrepreneurship-oriented person. To strengthen innovative impetus in the social atmosphere of compensation incentives and to integrate innovation elements in comprehensive creation is the way to demonstrate the growth logic from a job position-oriented person to an entrepreneurship-oriented person.
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