文章摘要
工学女博士的学术职业去向和层次——基于清华大学2005-2014年博士毕业生的分析
Academic Career-oriented Employment and Work Position Level of Female Doctoral Graduates in Engineering: Based on Analysis of the Doctoral Graduates from Tsinghua University from 2005 to 2014
投稿时间:2018-02-08  
DOI:
中文关键词: 女博士;工学;学术职业
英文关键词: female doctoral graduates;engineering;academic career
基金项目:
作者单位
金蕾莅 清华大学 学生职业发展指导中心, 北京 100084 
王轶玮 清华大学 教育研究院, 北京 100084 
林成涛 清华大学 党代表联络办公室, 北京 100084 
胡德鑫 清华大学 教育研究院, 北京 100084 
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中文摘要:
      利用清华大学2005-2014年的全样本数据,检验5560名工学博士在学术职业落实率、学术职业去向和层次上的性别差异及变化趋势。结果发现:⑴十年来,女博士的学术职业落实率显著高于男博士;⑵十年来,男女博士在学术职业去向上无显著差异,其中毕业后到高校直接就业的累积比例虽均居首位,但逐年下降趋势明显;⑶十年来,女博士进入"985工程"高校的累积比例显著低于男博士。本研究从个人成长、人才培养和高校招聘三个层次提出了相关建议。
英文摘要:
      This study examines the gender difference and variation trend in academic career-oriented employment rate, academic career-related job-hunting and work position level of 5,560 doctoral graduates in engineering with the full sample data of Tsinghua University across 2005-2014. Results show that (1) the academic career-oriented employment rate of female doctors is obviously higher than male doctors in the past ten years; (2) no significant gender differences are found in academic career-related job-hunting. Although the cumulative percentage of doctors working in higher-learning institutions is on the top of the list, it shows an apparent year-by-year decrease in the past ten years; (3) the cumulative percentage of female doctors being employed by "Project 985" universities is noticeably less than that of male doctors in the past ten years. For those, this study makes some proposals to improve the situation at three levels, i.e. personal cultivation, professional cultivation, and university employment.
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