文章摘要
路径依赖视角下我国研究生资助政策变迁约束及破解策略
Restrainton Postgraduate Financial Aid Policy Changes under Path-dependence Perspective and the Strategy to Address the Problem
投稿时间:2017-12-30  
DOI:
中文关键词: 路径依赖;研究生资助政策;变迁约束;破解策略
英文关键词: path dependence;postgraduate financial aid policy;change restraint;countermeasures
基金项目:教育部人文社会科学研究规划基金项目"高水平行业特色大学创建世界一流学科机制与路径研究(17YJA880038)";中国矿业大学研究生教育教学改革研究与实践项目"我校研究生发表论文对ESI学科贡献度及提升对策研究(2016Y05)"
作者单位
李爱彬 中国矿业大学 学科建设处, 江苏 徐州 221116 
杜晓虹 中国矿业大学 公共管理学院, 江苏 徐州 221116 
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中文摘要:
      新中国成立以来,我国研究生资助政策在特定的历史环境下经历了人民助学金为主的单轨阶段、奖学金与助学金的并轨阶段、奖学金与贷学金的并轨阶段和奖、贷、助、补、减多轨阶段;资助政策的两次"双轨"发展体现了典型的路径依赖特点。基于研究生资助政策变迁路径依赖的自增强因素分析,形成政策的系统设计和均衡建构,注重政策有效供给以及关注资助政策育人文化建设是我国研究生资助政策变迁路径约束的应对之策。
英文摘要:
      Since the founding of the People's Republic of China and in different historical stages, the postgraduate financial aid policy in China has experienced several periods, i.e. the "single-track" period of the "People" student stipend, the "dual-track" period of scholarship and student subsidy, the "dual-track" period of scholarship and student loan and the "multi-track" period of scholarship, student loan, stipend, subsidy and charge exemption. The changes of the student financial aid policy during the two "dual-track" stages in history embody a typical characteristic of path dependence. Based on the analysis of self-enhancement factor the change path of the postgraduate financial aid policy has depended on, the author proposes a systematic design and balanced structure of the policy. The author believes that focusing on the effective supply of policy and paying attention to the cultivation culture construction with financial aid policy is the countermeasure to the restraint on the path change of postgraduate financial aid policy in China.
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