文章摘要
研究生教育“本科化”认识的形成与思考
Formation of and Thinking on the Phenomenon of Postgraduate Education Degrading into that Equal to Undergraduate Education
投稿时间:2017-10-06  
DOI:
中文关键词: 本科化;研究性;学历制度;专业衔接
英文关键词: undergraduate education-equalized postgraduate education;postgraduate;schooling system;major continuation
基金项目:全国教育科学规划教育部重点课题"研究生教育中的导学冲突及其调适研究"(DIA170358)
作者单位
李安萍 常州大学 研究生部, 江苏 常州 213164 
陈若愚 常州大学 研究生部, 江苏 常州 213164 
胡秀英 江苏理工学院 化学与环境工程学院, 江苏 常州 213001 
摘要点击次数: 313
全文下载次数: 321
中文摘要:
      研究生教育"本科化"在某种程度上成为了研究生教育质量下降的代名词。然而,将研究生教育中存在的课程设置、教学方式和导师指导等问题简单地归结为研究生教育"本科化",实际上只是看到了我国研究生教育问题的表象,而没有认识其实质。研究生教育"本科化"认识的形成有着更深刻的原因:我国研究生教育观念逐渐固化为以"研究"为主要特征;学历和学位制度的并存,导致研究生身份象征的凸显;本科教育和研究生教育的专业衔接,导致研究生教育高等级性的形成。因此,即使承认研究生教育"本科化",这种"本科化"的成因并不单是研究生教育的问题,也是整个高等教育的问题,甚至是教育体制的问题。简单地"去本科化"并不能从根本上起到提高研究生教育质量的作用。
英文摘要:
      To some extent, undergraduate education-equalized postgraduate education has become a synonym of the quality decline of postgraduate education. However, if the phenomenon is simply attributed to the problems of curriculum provision, teaching methods and guidance of supervisors in postgraduate education, we in fact only see the superficial reflection, but not the root reasons. The deep reasons for the phenomenon are:the philosophy of postgraduate education in China is gradually hardened into a concept mainly featuring "study". The coexistence of schooling system and academic degree system leads to a prominent symbol of postgraduate status, and the academic continuation between undergraduate education and postgraduate education leads to the formation of postgraduate education being only a higher level of undergraduate education. Therefore, even we admit the existence of the undergraduate education-equalized postgraduate education, the reasons for the phenomenon is not only the own problem of postgraduate education, but also the problem of the entire higher learning education, or even that of education system. Finally, this paper concludes that simply eliminating the phenomenon cannot play the role in improving the quality of postgraduate education fundamentally.
查看HTML全文 查看全文   查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
关闭

手机扫一扫看
分享按钮