文章摘要
中德顶尖研究型大学研究生国际化能力比较研究——以清华大学和柏林自由大学为例
A Comparative Study on International Competence of Postgraduates between Top Research universities in China and Germany——Taking Tsinghua University and Free University of Berlin as an example
投稿时间:2017-07-07  
DOI:
中文关键词: 研究生;国际化能力;高等教育国际化;策略
英文关键词: postgraduates;international competence;higher education internationalization;strategy
基金项目:
作者单位
胡德鑫 清华大学 教育研究院, 北京 10084 
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中文摘要:
      基于研究生国际化能力量表,对中德顶尖研究型大学研究生的国际化能力开展比较。结果显示,我国顶尖研究型大学研究生的国际化能力总体水平显著低于德国,其中在"知识与理解"和"技能/经历"2个一级指标上均显著低于德国,在"态度和价值观"上,无显著差异;同时,从二级指标来看,我国在"国际学术能力"上显著高于德国,在"世界知识"、"全球化理解"、"工具使用"、"跨文化交际"和"国际化意识"等5项指标上显著低于德国,在"国际化态度"和"价值观认同"2项指标上,无显著差异。鉴于此,研究进一步探讨了研究生国际化能力提升策略,以期能为推动研究生教育教学改革提供借鉴。
英文摘要:
      In the context of economic globalization and the internationalization of higher education, the international competence has become one of the important criteria to measure the quality of postgraduate education at research universities. Based on the Assessment Scale of College Students' International Competence, the author makes a comparative study on the international competence of the postgraduates at research universities between China and Germany. The results shows that the international competence of the postgraduates at top research universities in China is apparently lower than that in Germany, particularly in the two grade 1 indexes of "knowledge and comprehension" and "skills/experience", but, there is no obvious difference in "attitudes and values". In the grade 2 indexes, the competence of postgraduates from China is remarkably higher than those from Germany in terms of "international academic competence", but clearly lower in the five indexes of "world knowledge", "understanding of globalization", "use of tools", "cross-cultural communication" and "internationalization awareness". In "attitude to internationalization" and "values acceptance", there is no noticeable difference between the two. In view of this, the author further studies strategies to improve the international competence of the Chinese postgraduates, attempting to provide reference for promotion of the postgraduate education reform in China.
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