文章摘要
博士生科研自我效能感的现状调查及提升策略
Status Survey onResearch Self-efficacy of Doctoral Students and Improvement Proposals
投稿时间:2017-07-20  
DOI:
中文关键词: 博士生;科研自我效能感;提升策略
英文关键词: doctoral student;research self-efficacy;improving strategies
基金项目:安徽省高校优秀青年人才计划重点项目(编号:gxyqZD2016031);安徽省教育厅人文重点项目(编号:SK2016A0312);安徽农业大学繁荣发展社科基金重点项目(编号:2015zs11zd)
作者单位
刘成科 中国科学技术大学 人文与社会科学学院, 合肥 230026;安徽农业大学 外国语学院, 合肥 230061 
孔燕 中国科学技术大学 人文与社会科学学院, 合肥 230026 
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中文摘要:
      科研自我效能感对培养博士生科研兴趣和提高其科研产出具有重要意义。通过155名博士生样本的问卷分析,结果表明:博士生科研自我效能感的总体水平较高,但在文献追踪及科研伦理等方面仍有待提高;博士生科研自我效能感并无显著的性别差异;理工类博士生科研自我效能感显著高于人文类博士生;科研经历对博士生科研自我效能感有显著正向预测作用。由此,提出了博士生科研自我效能感的提升策略:加强研究方法与知识管理类课程的开发;鼓励博士生参加科研实践与学术交流活动;完善分类管理与进程控制的培养模式;推进科研伦理与学术规范的教育与监督。
英文摘要:
      Research self-efficacy (RSE) proves to be significant for developing research interest and improving research outcomes of doctoral students. After analyzing the questionnaire feedbacks from 155 doctoral students, the author finds the RSE of the doctoral students is high in general, but they need to improve their ability to track literature and improve their research ethics. The author also finds that there is no significant difference in RSE between male and female doctoral students, the RSE of doctoral students in science and engineering programs is apparently higher than those in humanities, and the sci-tech research experience has obviously positive prediction for RSE of the doctoral students. Based on the findings, the author proposes some ways to improve the RSE of doctoral students:develop more courses on research methods and knowledge management; encourage doctoral students to take part in more research practice and academic exchanges; perfect the cultivation mode of categorized management and process control; and strengthen education and supervision of research ethics and academic norms.
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