文章摘要
基于扎根理论的在校博士生焦虑心理影响因素研究
A Study on Influential Factors to Psychological Anxiety of Doctoral Students at School Based on Grounded Theory
投稿时间:2017-02-10  
DOI:
中文关键词: 博士生;焦虑心理;影响因素;扎根理论
英文关键词: doctoral student;anxious psychology;influencing factor;grounded theory
基金项目:中国学位与研究生教育学会学位与研究生教育研究课题“在校博士生焦虑心理的社会成因研究”(2015Y0107)
作者单位
冯蓉 北京航空航天大学, 高等教育研究所, 北京 100191 
张彦通 北京航空航天大学, 高等教育研究所, 北京 100191 
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中文摘要:
      博士生群体是我国教育体系的最高层次,是知识创新的主要力量,是社会快速发展的重要依托,是国家科研竞争实力的核心构成。同时,这一群体也是高校心理健康教育最易忽视的群体。焦虑心理是当前高校博士生群体常见的负性情绪状态,本研究运用扎根理论研究方法,通过便利抽样与标准抽样相结合选取28名在校博士进行深度访谈,通过编码分析发现毕业因素、就业因素、婚恋因素和认知因素是博士生焦虑心理的主要影响因素。并在此基础上构建了在校博士生焦虑心理影响因素模型,为进一步探讨博士生心理健康教育对策提供了理论依据和资料佐证。
英文摘要:
      Doctoral candidates are on the top of the education list in China. They are a main force of knowledge innovation, an important supporting factor for rapid social progress, and a constituent part of the core competitiveness of the national scientific research. Unfortunately, they are also a group of people at higher learning institutions whose psychological health education is easily neglected. Anxiety is the common negative emotion of doctoral candidates at universities. Based on the research methods of the Grounded Theory, the author had in-depth interviews with 28 doctoral candidates chosen by convenience sampling and standard sampling methods. Through coding analysis, the author finds that the problems related to graduation, employment, love and marriage, and cognitive factors are the main anxiety reasons affecting them. Based on the interviews and analysis, the author has built an anxiety influencing factor model of doctoral candidates, which provides theoretical basis and data proofs for further exploration on countermeasures for psychological health education for doctoral candidates.
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