文章摘要
突破身份藩篱:高校博士后制度的变迁演化与路径创新
Breaking through Identity Barriers: the Evolution and Path Innovation of the Postdoctoral Institution in Universities
投稿时间:2023-11-12  
DOI:10.19834/j.cnki.yjsjy2011.2024.03.08
中文关键词: 博士后;制度变迁;身份建构;聘用优化;利益共享
英文关键词: postdoc;institutional change;identity construction;employment optimization;interest sharing
基金项目:国家社科基金"十三五"规划2020年度教育学重点课题(AFA200007);2023年度湖南省社科基金青年项目(23YBQ069)
作者单位
蒋贵友 湖南农业大学 教育学院, 长沙 410128 
荀渊 华东师范大学 高等教育研究所, 上海 200062 
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中文摘要:
      随着高校博士后规模愈加庞大,如何拟合不同身份类型差异进而优化聘用管理成为博士后制度改革的重要方向。基于身份分析视角梳理高校博士后制度演化轨迹发现,其变迁过程大致可分为身份建构、身份整合、身份分化与身份重组四个阶段,而当前制度建设的争议或困境主要包括制度并轨与身份契约之间的内在冲突,统一制度管理与多元身份差异的矛盾,博士后作为师资储备的身份定位问题以及"去身份化"与"再身份化"带来的潜在风险。综合来看,博士后制度改革应从身份识别、聘用优化与利益共享三个层面出发,建构博士后人员的学术身份网络体系,完善其身份管理的过程机制与建立满足多元身份发展需求的职业保障系统,从而打造可持续化的博士后身份平台。
英文摘要:
      Facing the increasing scale of university postdocs, how to deal with the differences of different status types and optimize the employment management has become an important part of the institutional reform for post-doctors. The analysis of the evolution trajectory of the postdoctoral system in universities based on the perspective of status finds that the change process can be roughly divided into four stages: status construction, status integration, status differentiation, and status reconstruction. At present, the controversy or dilemma of the system construction mainly includes internal conflicts between system integration and status contract, the contradiction between unified system management and multiple status differences, the problem of how to identify postdocs’ status as faculty reserve, and the potential risk brought about from "de-identification" and "re-identification". Therefore, this paper suggests that, in general, the postdoctoral system reform should start from three levels: status identification, employment optimization, and benefit sharing. In following, we should set up an academic identity network system for postdocs, improve the process mechanism of identity management and establish a career security system that meets the development needs for multiple status identification, so that we can further establish a sustainable postdoctoral identity platform.
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