文章摘要
博士生学术志趣漂移的成因与复位——基于"退学博士"小组的网络民族志考察
The Causes and Resetting of the Drift of Doctoral Students’ Academic Inclination——An Online Ethnographic Investigation on the "Drop-out Doctoral Student" Group
投稿时间:2024-01-18  
DOI:10.19834/j.cnki.yjsjy2011.2024.03.06
中文关键词: 博士生教育;学术志趣;志趣培养;网络民族志
英文关键词: doctoral education;academic inclination;inclination cultivation;online ethnography
基金项目:江苏省习近平新时代中国特色社会主义思想研究中心"学习贯彻党的二十大精神"研究专项课题一般课题"江苏促进高等教育、科技创新与经济增长协同发展路径研究"(23ZXZB029);中国高等教育学会2023年度高等教育科学研究规划重点课题"高质量发展视域下地方高校治理体系现代化研究"(23GG0302);全国党建研究会高校党建研究专业委员会2023年课题重点三类课题"高校学生党员发展质量保障体系构建研究"
作者单位
吴肖 中国矿业大学 公共管理学院, 江苏 徐州 221116 
段鑫星 中国矿业大学 公共管理学院, 江苏 徐州 221116 
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中文摘要:
      作为博士生的必备品质,学术志趣是引领其坚定科研信念并愿意为之付诸行动的深层动力,影响学术训练成效与未来职业期望。通过参与式观察与文本分析,研究对博士生学术志趣漂移现象进行网络民族志考察,发现其生成主要受四维因素的聚合作用,即现实处境的诱发、过往体验的加速、未来预判的催化与退出路径的驱动。其中,现实处境包括学业压力、经济压力、成本考虑、重要他人、关键事件与自身条件;过往体验涵盖个体经历与原有观点;未来预判是对未来工作岗位要求、环境、待遇的提前觉察;退出路径则是指具备脱离固有场域的措施与方法。各因素相互交织、彼此作用,共同推动漂移的萌芽、扩散与达成。结合现状表现、深思成因经过,博士生学术志趣的漂移复位与厚植提升尚需多方协力,复盘生涯规划,澄清职业目标;规范导师指导,矫正导学关系;关注培养过程,构筑资源网络;推进精准供给,完善退出路径。
英文摘要:
      As an essential trait of doctoral students, academic inclination is the deep motivation that leads them to adhere to scientific research beliefs and take action, which influences the effectiveness of their academic training and future career expectancy. Through an online ethnographic investigation on the drift phenomenon of doctoral students’ academic inclination by participatory observation and text analysis, the authors find that the drift is influenced mainly by the resultant of four-dimensional factors, namely, the inducement of realistic situation, the acceleration of past experience, the catalysis of future prediction and the drive of exit path. Among them, realistic situation includes academic pressure, economic pressure, cost consideration, other people important to them, key events and their own conditions; past experience means personal lessons learned and original viewpoint; future prediction is an early perception of the requirements, environment and treatment of future jobs; and exit path refers to the measures and methods to break away from the existing field. All these factors are intertwined and interactive with each other to jointly drive the drift of the academic inclination from "germination", to spreading and then to final realization. After in-depth analysis of the reasons and the growth process of the phenomenon in full consideration of its present performance, the authors propose that the drift resetting and enhancement of the doctoral students’ academic inclination need coordination from more sectors in reviewing life planning, clarifying career goals, standardizing supervisors’ guidance, and smoothing the relationship between supervisors and students, as well as paying more attention to the training process, building a sound resource network, promoting accurate supply, and improving the exit path.
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