文章摘要
科教联结:中国科学院理学研究生教育的恢复与探索
The Integration Between Research and Education-On the Resumption and Exploration of the Cultivation for Postgraduates of Sciences in the Chinese Academy of Sciences
投稿时间:2023-04-12  
DOI:10.19834/j.cnki.yjsjy2011.2024.01.15
中文关键词: 中国科学院;理学研究生;基础科学;科研;教育
英文关键词: Chinese Academy of Sciences;postgraduate of science;basic sciences;scientific research;education
基金项目:国家社科基金一般项目"新中国工业化进程中的工程技术人才体系建设研究"(21BZS089);中国科学技术大学创新创业教育研究课题"中国科学技术大学创新创业人才培养模式研究"(SCJY2022010)
作者单位
王安轶 中国科学技术大学 科技史与科技考古系, 合肥 230026 
林思纯 中国科学技术大学 科技史与科技考古系, 合肥 230026 
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中文摘要:
      中国科学院是改革开放初期研究生教育的重要开拓者。1977年中国科学院在率先请示恢复招收研究生的同时先行开展了包括建立全国首个研究生院等研究生培养方式的探索。事实上,这种率先恢复是作为基础科学"火车头"的中国科学院敏锐把握国家基础科学发展需求的体现,更是为了解决院里基础科学人才梯队断层问题而采取的"紧急措施"。基于历史文献的研究还表明,中国科学院在研究生制度重建过程中通过研究生院集中师资教学、开设研究生班汇聚专家教学、依托分院集合教学资源、联合院属大学教学力量等方式扩充自身的教育职能,充分发挥研究所的科研优势以科研课题带动学生培养,借鉴国际前沿经验探索出科研与教育紧密结合的理学研究生培养模式,为我国走向科研化的理学研究生培养提供了模式示范,加速了高层次基础科学研究人才的培养进程。
英文摘要:
      Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) is an important pioneer of postgraduate education in the early period of the reform and opening up. In 1977, CAS took the lead in applying for resuming the enrollment of postgraduates, and concurrently, it explored the way to train postgraduates, including the establishment of the first postgraduate school in China. In fact, the resumption in No. 1 is the reflection of the perception of the CAS that, as the leader in basic sciences, keenly grasped the need of the nation to develop basic sciences at that time. More importantly, it is an emergency countermeasure taken by the CAS to solve the "fault problem" of the talent team in basic sciences. Based on historical documents and materials, this research also finds that, in the process of reconstructing the postgraduate education system, the CAS expanded its educational function by concentrating teachers' teaching in the postgraduate school, arranging specialists and experts to give lectures in postgraduate classes, gathering teaching resources of its branches and collaborating with the teaching forces of its affiliated universities, and succeeded in establishing a cultivation mode for postgraduates of sciences that features integration of academic research and education ,specifically by giving full play to the advantages of research institutes to cultivate students with scientific and academic research project and learning experience from international frontier disciplines, which provides a demonstration for the cultivation of postgraduates of sciences towards scientific research in China, accelerating the process of cultivating high-level basic scientific research talents.
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