文章摘要
研究生师门互动生成机制及优化路径探析——基于互动仪式链理论视角
An Analysis of the Generative Mechanism of Advisor Postgraduate Interaction and the Way to Optimize It: Based on the Interaction Ritual Chain Theory
投稿时间:2023-07-19  
DOI:10.19834/j.cnki.yjsjy2011.2024.01.08
中文关键词: 师门互动;科研能力;互动仪式链;研究生
英文关键词: supervisor-postgraduate interaction;scientific research ability;interaction ritual chain;postgraduate
基金项目:江苏省教育厅2022年重大委托课题"江苏省研究生教育发展评价研究"(JGZD17_002)
作者单位
何家琪 南京大学 教育研究院, 南京 210023 
罗允艺 陕西师范大学 教育学部, 西安 710062 
汪霞 南京大学 教育研究院, 南京 210023 
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中文摘要:
      基于互动仪式链理论,采用质性研究方法对20名人文社科类硕博研究生进行访谈后发现,师门互动对科研能力的影响,始于对学术真切的追求与关注,合于师门成员的情感共享与维系。师门中的成员圈层身份及其之间是否有共同情感在很大程度上成了不同类型师门互动能否成功的重要因素。为形成"卓越者孕育卓越者"的理想师门互动,应重视导师指导能力培养,鼓励研究生同辈高效互动;重视师门文化建设,激发成员情感认同;建设良好师门互动生态,促进边缘群体向中心流动。
英文摘要:
      Based on the interactive ritual chain theory, this study applies qualitative research method to interview 20 postgraduates and doctoral students majoring in humanities and social sciences, which find that the influence of the supervisor-postgraduate interaction begins with the sincere academic pursuit and attention, and forms in line with the emotional sharing and maintenance of supervisors and postgraduates. The identity of the members in the supervisor-postgraduate community and whether they share emotions with each other are the key factors important to the success of the interaction between supervisors and postgraduates. Therefore, the authors suggest that in order to form an ideal "excellence breeds excellence" supervisor-postgraduate interaction community, emphasis should be placed on the cultivation of the guiding ability of supervisors and encouraging efficient "peer interaction" among postgraduates. The authors also suggest that we should attach importance to the construction of supervisor-postgraduate community culture, stimulate emotional identity of the members, build desirable supervisor-postgraduate interaction ecology, and facilitate "the movement of marginal members to the center".
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