文章摘要
研究生缘何选择知识隐藏?——基于扎根理论的探索性分析
Why Do Postgraduates Choose Knowledge Hiding: An Exploratory Analysis based on the Grounded Theory
投稿时间:2023-06-27  
DOI:10.19834/j.cnki.yjsjy2011.2024.01.07
中文关键词: 研究生;知识隐藏;知识共享;影响因素;扎根理论
英文关键词: postgraduate;knowledge hiding;knowledge sharing;influencing factor;grounded theory
基金项目:
作者单位
叶晓力 厦门大学 教育研究院, 福建 厦门 361001
安徽大学 高等教育研究所, 合肥 230039 
夏玲丽 安徽大学 高等教育研究所, 合肥 230039 
蔡敬民 安徽大学 高等教育研究所, 合肥 230039 
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中文摘要:
      作为个体知识管理策略,知识隐藏更多被认为是一种具有破坏性的知识行为。研究生个体间的知识隐藏阻滞了研究生培养过程中学术知识的生产与流通,对研究生个体创新与组织发展均具有负向影响。本研究基于扎根理论方法对影响研究生个体间知识隐藏行为的因素进行系统性分析,并构建了知识隐藏行为的影响因素理论模型。研究发现,个体因素、知识特性、培养环境、关键他人和潜在风险构成了影响研究生知识隐藏的主要因素。基于模型阐释,应从以下方面探索弱化研究生知识隐藏行为:培育知识管理素养,提升研究生知识共享能力;厘清情感信任机制,激发研究生知识共享意愿;营造协同育人文化,重塑研究生培养制度环境;开发知识共享平台,构建合作型研究生共同体。
英文摘要:
      Although it is an individual knowledge management strategy, knowledge hiding is considered as a destructive knowledge behavior. The knowledge hiding among postgraduates blocks the production and circulation of academic knowledge during the postgraduate cultivation and has a negative effect on both individual innovation and organizational development. Based on the grounded theory, this study systematically analyzes the factors that influence the knowledge hiding behavior among postgraduates and constructs a theoretical model of the influencing factors of the knowledge hiding behavior. It is found that individual factors, knowledge characteristics, cultivation environment, key other persons and potential risks are the main factors influencing postgraduates’ knowledge hiding. Based on the model interpretation, this paper suggests that the following aspects should be explored for weakening the knowledge hiding behavior of postgraduates: the cultivation of knowledge management ability that may enhance the knowledge sharing ability of postgraduates; the definition of the emotional and trust mechanism that may stimulate the knowledge sharing willingness of postgraduates; the culture creation for collaborative education that may reshape the institutional environment for postgraduate education, and the development of a knowledge-sharing platform that may lead to the establishment of a cooperative community of postgraduates.
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