文章摘要
何以为学:博士生学术职业社会化影响因素与路径探究
What Does Study Mean:A Research on Influencing Factors and Paths of the
Socialization of Doctoral Students’ Academic Profession
投稿时间:2023-10-07  
DOI:10.19834/j.cnki.yjsjy2011.2024.01.06
中文关键词: 博士生教育;学术职业社会化;三维度支持;结构方程模型
英文关键词: doctoral education;socialization of academic professions;three-dimension support;structural equation model
基金项目:
作者单位
张晓洁 浙江大学 党委研究生工作部, 杭州 310058 
杨程越 浙江大学 社会学系, 杭州 310058 
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中文摘要:
      探讨博士生"何以为学"方能明确"何以为教",了解博士生学术职业社会化的影响因素及其动力机制,将有利于助推更多博士生实现从"学生"向"学者"身份的转换。本研究基于博士生学术职业社会化模型,运用多元线性回归模型与结构方程模型,对我国1414位学术型博士生的调查数据进行实证检验。研究发现:来自导师、朋辈与学校的三维度支持对博士生的学术职业社会化进程具有显著正向影响;中介分析结果显示,学术创新能力与职业规划意识在三维度支持与博士生学术职业社会化之间起部分中介作用,是促进博士生"以学术为志"的重要路径。为更好帮助博士生实现学术职业社会化,应以深化导师评价体系改革为牵引,推动导师注重对博士生多层面支持、进一步强化立德树人意识;以优化学校支持服务体系为依托,营造良好校园学术文化氛围,构建多主体协同育人工作机制,不断提高博士生学术创新能力与职业规划意识。
英文摘要:
      Only by exploring what study means to doctoral students can we clarify what education means. To understand the influencing factors and driving mechanisms of doctoral students’ socialization of academic professions will facilitate transition of more doctoral students from the role of a student to that of a qualified scholar. Based on the model of doctoral students’ socialization of academic profession, this study employs multiple linear regression model and structural equation model to empirically examine the data from the survey on 1,414 academic doctoral students in China. The research findings reveal that three dimensions of support from supervisors, peers, and institutions have significantly positive influence on the academic socialization process of doctoral students. According to the mediation analysis, the academic innovation capacity and the career planning awareness partially mediate the relationship between the three-dimensional support and the academic socialization of doctoral students. The intermediation serves as an important way to foster the aspiration of doctoral students to pursue an academic career. To better facilitate the doctoral students’ socialization of academic profession, this study puts forward the following suggestions: promote supervisors’ multi-level support to doctoral students and further boost the consciousness of moral cultivation through the supervisors’ evaluation system reform; create a good academic and cultural atmosphere on campus based on the optimization of the school support service system, and build a multi-party collaborative education mechanism to constantly improve doctoral students’ academic innovation ability and career planning awareness.
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