文章摘要
我国学术学位授权点资源配置:空间分布、形成机理及优化机制
On Allocation, Distribution, Formation Mechanism, and Mechanism Optimization
of China’s Academic Degree Authorization Units
投稿时间:2022-12-15  
DOI:10.19834/j.cnki.yjsjy2011.2024.01.05
中文关键词: 学术学位授权点;空间分布;机理;优化机制;资源
英文关键词: academic degree authorization units;spatial distribution;formation mechanism;mechanism optimization;resource
基金项目:国家自然科学基金重点项目"'互联网+'时代研究生教育管理变革与创新研究"(71834001)
作者单位
于妍 北京航空航天大学 人文社会科学学院, 北京 100191 
李明磊 北京理工大学 人文与社会科学学院, 北京 100081 
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中文摘要:
      利用极化指数、泰尔指数等方法,分析全国学术学位授权点的空间分布规律。研究表明:学术学位授权点空间布局总体呈现"自东向西阶梯状递减""金字塔式"的分布特征;区域分布极化现象严重;区域内部分布呈现"一核多点"等特点。使用循环累积因果理论,从国家逻辑、市场逻辑、高校逻辑三个维度分析学术学位授权点资源空间分布的形成机理。为优化学位授权资源布局和高等教育生态,应关注"学术资质+区域需求",构建两轮驱动审核机制;重视"主体协同+资源整合",构建多元协同联动机制;综合"发展潜力+建设成效",构建"能上能下"的动态调整机制。
英文摘要:
      With the polarization and the Theil indexes, this paper analyzes the spatial distribution pattern of the academic degree authorization units in China. The outcomes show that the overall spatial distribution pattern of the academic degree authorization units presents a "pyramid" form featuring "stair-step decrease from east to west". In terms of regional distribution, a polarization phenomenon appears obviously; In terms of intra-regional distribution, the pattern features "one core and multiple points". Furthermore, with the cyclic cumulative causation theory, this paper analyzes the formation mechanism of the spatial distribution pattern of the academic degree authorization units from three dimensions of the national logic, market logic and university logic. Therefore, this paper suggests that to optimize the distribution pattern of degree authorization units and the higher education ecology, we should build a "two-wheel drive" examination and approval mechanism with more attention to academic qualification and regional demand, build a multi-component collaboration and interaction mechanism with more attention to "entity collaboration and resource integration, and build a dynamic adjustment mechanism with which the degree authorization can be granted to or removed from an entity in accordance with the development potential and development effect of the entity.
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