文章摘要
我国研究生教育获奖成果分布特征及省域竞争力研究——基于2022年高等教育(研究生)国家级教学成果奖视角
Research on Distribution Characteristics of Award-winning Achievements in Postgraduate Education and Provincial Competitiveness in China: Based on the National Higher Education (Postgraduate) Teaching Achievement Awards in 2022
投稿时间:2023-10-18  
DOI:10.19834/j.cnki.yjsjy2011.2024.01.04
中文关键词: 研究生教育;分布特征;竞争力;教学成果奖
英文关键词: postgraduate education;distribution characteristics;competitiveness;teaching achievement award
基金项目:江苏省教育厅高等学校哲学社会科学研究项目"教育信息化2.0视域下专业学位研究生培养质量保障体系研究"(2021SJA0079);江苏省学位与研究生教育教学改革课题"研究生拔尖创新人才培养模式研究——以'药学学科'为例"(JGKT23_C017)
作者单位
陆冷飞 中国药科大学 研究生院, 南京 211198 
胡庆华 中国药科大学 研究生院, 南京 211198 
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中文摘要:
      基于2022年高等教育(研究生)国家级教学成果奖获奖数据,从获奖项目省域分布、完成单位、合作关系、研究领域分析我国研究生教育改革获奖成果的分布特征,并构建省域改革竞争力计算模型,考察各省(市)研究生教育改革竞争力情况。研究发现,获奖项目呈现完成单位和省域分布不平衡;项目以高校独立完成为主,研究生教育各相关单位之间的合作壁垒有待进一步打破;研究学科分布不均,研究主题过于集中,研究热点突出;研究生教育改革竞争力省域差异非常明显,整体上呈两头小、中间大的不对称"橄榄球"特征。提出固强扶弱促进研究生教育整体实力提升,重构机制强化研究生教育科教产教融合,问题导向激励研究生教育改革多元并进的工作建议。
英文摘要:
      Based on the data of the national higher education (postgraduate) teaching achievement awards in 2022, the authors analyzes the characteristics of the award-winning projects in China’s postgraduate education reform from the aspects of the distribution to different provinces, completion units, cooperative relations and research fields. In addition, they construct a provincial reform competitiveness calculation model to analyze the competitiveness of postgraduate education reform in different provinces. The study shows unbalanced distributions between different units and provinces in terms of the award-winning projects they have competed. The completion units are mainly universities fulfilling projects independently, which means the cooperation barriers between relevant units relating to postgraduate education need to be further broken. The research project distribution is also uneven in different disciplines, featuring similar research topics and research hotspots. The difference between provinces in postgraduate education reform competitiveness is rather obvious, showing an asymmetric "rugby" shape with two protruded ends. Based on the study, the authors propose some suggestions to promote the overall strength of postgraduate education by "consolidating the strong ones and supporting the weak ones", specifically including reconstructing the mechanism to strengthen the integration of science education and industrial education for postgraduate education, and encouraging the reform of postgraduate education to be developed in a problem-oriented, diversified manner.
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