|On the Correlation Between the Distribution of Independently Designed Interdisciplines and the Supportive Disciplines: Based on the Data Analysis of the Independently Designed Interdisciplines in Universities
|英文关键词: independently designed interdisciplines;supporting disciplines;discipline construction
|天津大学 教育学院, 天津 300350
|天津大学 教育学院, 天津 300350
| Promoting interdisciplinary integration and developing interdisciplines is an important work priority of the double first-class construction. This paper discusses the distribution of interdisciplines and the correlation characteristics of supportive disciplines through quantitative statistical analysis of the list of interdisciplines set up independently by universities and the list of supportive disciplines updated by the Ministry of Education. It is found that the proportion of universities in the list of double first-class construction participating in the development of interdisciplines is small and the overall discipline-integration ability of supportive disciplines of local universities is weak; the number of interdisciplines set up independently by comprehensive universities and universities of science and engineering far exceeds that by other types of universities; interdisciplines are mainly supported by applied disciplines, while the number of supportive basic disciplines is small; the number of closely related interdisciplines set up is large; while in terms of distant interdisciplines, the interdisciplinary ability of natural sciences is strong, but that of the supportive disciplines of humanities and social sciences is only for some single disciplines. Based on the findings, this paper concludes that at present, the key to the development of interdisciplines is to encourage universities to set up interdisciplines independently in accordance with the need of national and regional development; to leverage the comprehensive and potential advantages of disciplines to guarantee the quality of interdisciplines to be set up; to focus on the interdisciplinary integration of basic disciplines to broaden the field for supportive humanities and social disciplines; and to attach importance to the setting up of interdisciplines among distant-related disciplines to promote the integration of knowledge systems between disciplines.