文章摘要
对给予导师决定研究生毕业自主权的调查与思考
An Investigation in Granting Supervisor's Autonomy in Deciding Postgraduate Graduation and the reflection thereof
投稿时间:2021-04-02  
DOI:10.19834/j.cnki.yjsjy2011.2021.04.13
中文关键词: 导师自主权;研究生教育;师生关系;研究生创新
英文关键词: supervisor's autonomy;postgraduate education;teacher-student relationship;postgraduate innovation
基金项目:
作者单位
孙天慈 华东师范大学 教育学部, 上海 200062 
马银琦 华东师范大学 教育学部, 上海 200062 
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中文摘要:
      “给予导师决定研究生能否毕业的自主权”的政策提议公布后,引起相关各方关注。该政策提议以改革研究生学业水平评价标准为外在表现,指向的深层问题是研究生创新能力与培养质量。基于925份研究生调查问卷,研究发现,研究生对导师自主权以反对和质疑居多,深层顾虑为权力势差下的师生关系异化;影响研究生创新能力的内部限制远大于外部因素;博士生受"唯论文"的外部约束更深。鉴于此,本文认为,应从加强师德师风建设、优化导师指导、发挥综合评价改革的系统作用等方面,营造研究生潜心学术的氛围、促进研究生创新能力的提升、释放研究生的研发能量。
英文摘要:
      the policy proposal of "giving supervisors the autonomy to decide whether a postgraduate can graduate or not" has drawn much attention and concerns from relevant departments and social sectors. The policy proposal is to shift the evaluation standard of postgraduates' academic level mainly on the external manifestation to the judgment in the internal depth on the innovation ability and training quality of postgraduates. Based on the questionnaire feedback from a survey of 925 postgraduates, this study finds that most postgraduates oppose and doubt the autonomy of supervisors, showing their deep concern over the alienation between teachers and students that might occur because of the power difference. The study also finds that the internal limitations that affect the innovation ability of postgraduates are much stronger than external factors, while in terms of "dissertation matters only", doctoral students are more affected by external constraints. Therefore, this paper believes that it is necessary to strengthen the construction of teachers' ethics, optimize the guidance of supervisors, and give full play to the systematic role of comprehensive evaluation reform, so as to create an atmosphere for postgraduates to devote themselves to academic work, promote their innovation ability and release their research and development energy.
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