文章摘要
从竞争到协同:新时代学科发展的路径转向
Reorientation of Discipline Development in the New Era: from Competition to Synergy
投稿时间:2021-04-28  
DOI:10.19834/j.cnki.yjsjy2011.2021.04.04
中文关键词: 竞争;协同;学科发展
英文关键词: competition;synergy;discipline development
基金项目:国家社会科学基金(教育学)"十三五"规划项目"高校文化资本与高等教育发展及变革研究"(BIA200196)
作者单位
刘永 曲阜师范大学 教育学院, 山东 曲阜 273165 
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中文摘要:
      竞争是推动学科发展的重要力量,在学科发展史上发挥了积极的作用。竞争催生了学科知识的分化,加快了学科建制的完善,促进了学科资源平台的搭建,推动了学科情感的深化。但是突破底线和理性边缘的竞争,不但会引发学科发展的危机,而且也会对学者、学术、学校产生不同程度的伤害。基于竞争并超越竞争的协同发展成为新时代学科发展的必由之路和必然选择。协同发展既有充分的理论基础,也有迫切的现实需求。强化学科的战略规划、建立融通的学科文化、树立正确的评价导向是实现学科协同发展、提升国家学科建设整体水平的可行路径和有益实践。
英文摘要:
      Competition is the main force to push forward the discipline development and has played an important role in the history thereof. Competition has facilitated the division of discipline knowledge, accelerated the improvement of discipline system, promoted the establishment of discipline resource platforms, and deepened discipline emotion. However, the competition that breaks through the bottom line and rational fringe may not only lead to the crisis of discipline development, but also harm scholars, academics and schools to certain extent. The synergetic development based on and beyond competition is the only way and inevitable choice for discipline development in the new era. Synergetic development has not only sufficient theoretical basis, but also urgent practical needs. Strengthening strategic discipline planning, establishing an integrated discipline culture and setting up a fair evaluation orientation are the accessible paths and beneficial practices for realizing synergetic development of disciplines and improving the overall level of national discipline construction.
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