文章摘要
博士生培养环境:图景·机理·路径——基于2019年Nature博士生调查的注意力配置分析
Doctoral Training Environment: Landscape, Mechanism and Path: An analysis of attention allocation based on the Nature's 2019 PhD Survey
投稿时间:2020-11-26  
DOI:10.19834/j.cnki.yjsjy2011.2021.03.07
中文关键词: 博士生培养环境;注意力配置;内容分析
英文关键词: Doctoral student training environment;attention allocation;content analysis
基金项目:教育部人文社会科学规划项目"知识生产方式转型视野下一流学科的建设机制与形成路径研究"(17YJA880072);江苏省社会科学基金重点项目"新时代江苏深入推进高教强省建设的理念、内涵及对策研究"(18JYA001)
作者单位
樊成 南京信息工程大学 管理工程学院, 南京 210044 
吴立保 南京信息工程大学 高等教育研究所, 南京 210044 
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中文摘要:
      博士生培养环境因构成要素的错综复杂而成为待揭开的"黑箱"。基于注意力配置理论,采用内容分析法,选取Nature发布的2019年博士生调查数据为样本,对我国的博士生培养环境进行了研究。研究结果表明,博士生所感知的培养环境,由以导师为核心的微观组织环境、培养单位构建的中观制度环境和输入社会信息的宏观社会环境构成。权力机制的异化、激励机制的缺失以及社会化机制的嵌入,造成了目前组织环境的秩序失范、制度环境的工具理性以及社会环境的信息超载,进而影响了博士生的学术成长。应通过规范导师指导权、强化制度激励效应以及加强人文关怀等措施,切实改善博士生培养环境,提高博士生培养质量。
英文摘要:
      Due to the complexity of constituent elements, the doctoral training environment is so far a "black box" to be revealed. Based on the theory of attention allocation, this paper studies the doctoral training environment in China with the content analysis method and the samples from selected data of the Nature's 2019 PhD Survey. The result shows that the education environment perceived by PhD students consists of the micro organizational environment with supervisors as the core, the meso institutional environment constructed by the universities, and the macro social environment with inflow of social information. The alienation of motivation mechanism, the lack of incentive mechanism and the embedded socialization mechanism have caused the anomie of current organizational setting and the overloaded information relating to instrumental rationality of institutional environment and social environment, which further affects the doctoral candidates’ academic growth. This paper suggests that in order to improve the training environment and the doctoral education quality, the supervisor's guiding right should be regulated, the system's incentive effect be strengthened, and the humanistic care be improved.
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