文章摘要
当代研究生师生伦理关系异化之追问
On the Present Alienation of the Ethic Relationship between Teachers and Postgraduates
投稿时间:2021-01-26  
DOI:10.19834/j.cnki.yjsjy2011.2021.02.05
中文关键词: 研究生;师生关系;伦理;异化
英文关键词: postgraduates;teacher-student relationship;ethic;alienation
基金项目:中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金资助项目(HIT.HSS.201850);中央高校基本科研业务费马克思主义理论学科专项项目(HIT.HSSZ.201907);中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金资助(HIT.HSS.HXJS202008);黑龙江省哲学社会科学学科体系创新支持计划专项资助项目;国家社科基金项目(20BKS193)
作者单位
张世昌 哈尔滨工业大学 经济与管理学院, 哈尔滨 150001 
张博 东北林业大学 马克思主义学院, 哈尔滨 150040 
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中文摘要:
      师生关系是教育实践中的基本伦理关系,而伦理教育又是教育的核心内容,和谐的师生关系必然是伦理至善的。当前,因伦理关系异化而激发的矛盾事件越来越多,个别事件甚至引发了社会舆论的广泛关注。以问题为导向进行审视,可以发现当前研究生与其导师之间的伦理张力主要有三种:职业伦理与私人伦理,人格平等伦理与人身依附伦理,自然代际伦理与文化代际伦理。从根源上看,当前师生伦理关系异化是多种因素共同作用的结果,包括传统师生伦理观念的影响、制度因素的影响、市场经济的影响、人工智能的影响等。在破解对策方面,可以尝试从提高教师群体的专业伦理,用工匠精神涵养教师的专业技术,强化研究生导师自律性服务精神的实践认同,用规则促进和谐伦理氛围的养成等几个方面着手。
英文摘要:
      The teacher-student relationship is the basic ethic structure in educational practice, and ethical education is the core content of education. A harmonious teacher-student relationship must be ethically in good terms. At present, there are more conflicts induced by the alienation of ethical relations, and some sporadic incidents have even aroused wide public concern. When viewing the issues from a problem-oriented perspective, the authors find there are three kinds of ethical tensions between postgraduates and their supervisors: the tension between professional ethic and private ethic, the tension between personality equality ethic and personal attachment ethic, and the tension between natural intergenerational ethic and cultural intergenerational ethic. From the perspective of the root cause, the alienation of the ethic relationship between teachers and students is the result of multiple factors, including the influences of the traditional ethical concepts of teachers and students, institutional factors, market economy, and artificial intelligence. In terms of countermeasures, the authors propose to deal with the problems in such following ways as enhancing the professional ethic of the teachers collectively, cultivating professional skills of teachers with the spirit of craftsmanship, strengthening the practical acceptance of the self-disciplined service spirit of postgraduate supervisors, and promoting the cultivation of a harmonious ethical atmosphere with regulations and rules.
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