文章摘要
全日制学术型研究生全面收费的实证研究——基于91所“211高校”的数据分析
An Empirical Study on Overall Tuition Charge to Full-time Academic Postgraduates: Based on Data Analysis of 91 Project 211 Universities
投稿时间:2017-09-21  
DOI:
中文关键词: 研究生全面收费;实施现状;实证研究
英文关键词: overall postgraduate tuition collection;current implementation;empirical study
基金项目:
作者单位
毛笛 浙江工业大学 政治与公共管理学院, 杭州 310023 
毛建青 浙江工业大学 政治与公共管理学院, 杭州 310023 
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中文摘要:
      研究生全面收费制度的实施,能够缓解国家教育经费压力,促进研究生教育资源的合理配置。基于对91所"211高校"全日制学术型研究生的学费与奖助体系的调查,发现各高校均已落实全面收费政策,但在实施过程中存在着学费差距小、资助覆盖广、公开程度不高的现象,由此产生恶性竞争加剧、筛选成本增加、信息差距扩大等问题。要完善研究生全面收费制度,提高研究生的培养质量,需要实行差异化的学费标准,构建面向科研的奖助体系,以科研绩效为导向评定奖学金、以科研项目方式提供助学金,同时还要完善信息公示制度。
英文摘要:
      The overall implementation of the postgraduate tuition collection policy can relieve the pressure on national education funds and promote rational allocation of postgraduate education resources. Based on the survey of tuition-collection and scholarship, subsidy systems applicable to full-time academic postgraduates in 91 Project 211 Universities, this paper finds that some phenomena appear in the implementation of the tuition collection policy at the universities that have implemented the policy, for instance, the gap between the tuition fees is small, subsidy coverage is too wide, and the transparency is not so clear, which result in intensified competition, increased screening cost, and widened information gap. This paper believes that to improve the overall tuition collection system and the postgraduate education quality, a system with differentiated tuition charge standards should be introduced. This paper also proposes that a scientific research-oriented reward system should be established, so that scholarship could be determined based on sci-tech performance, and subsidy based on sci-tech project. In addition, this paper proposes improvement of information disclosure system.
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